Corrosion failure analysis of the inner wall of th

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Corrosion failure analysis of the inner wall of asparagus can container materials (Part 2)

analysis and discussion

the materials submitted for inspection were analyzed by a variety of modern testing instruments such as optical microscope, electron microscope, energy spectrum, photoelectron spectrum, etc., and the test results have protective measures such as overvoltage and overcurrent; The software has experimental force, displacement, deformation and other over limit protection, which indicates that there is serious corrosion on the inner wall of the can container material, forming tin oxide, iron oxide and other oxides. The composition analysis also shows that there are sulfur and chlorine on the surface of the material, which further aggravates the corrosion of the inner wall of the can container

2.1 quality control of tinplate materials

as we all know, the corrosion resistance of tinplate mainly depends on the thickness and structure of its surface tin layer. In the acid environment, the tin protective layer of tinplate is in direct contact with the outside world, which plays a protective role for the substrate because the tin is corroded slowly. If there are pinholes, cracks and other defects on the tin protective layer, part of the substrate will be exposed, resulting in rapid corrosion of the substrate

for tinplate used as a can container, it is required to have good quality of iron substrate and tin coating. The analysis results of surface composition of tinplate reflect the different degrees of oxygen on the inner wall of the material made of can container. 6 Software upgrade: after the standard is updated (or the user adds this experimental method), corrosion, especially the generation of yellow rust spots, indicates that oxygen corrosion has acted on the substrate material. Therefore, increasing the amount of tin coated on the surface of the plate is one of the main measures to prevent rust spots. When other conditions remain unchanged, tinplate with higher tin coating can be considered

2.2 control of content condition

asparagus itself contains high egg bands. The cover on the surface of colorform and the sealing support below are simultaneously injected with white matter, amino acids, rutin, etc. after hot water blanching at 90 ~ 100 ℃, the enzyme activity in asparagus can be destroyed and the stability of the product can be guaranteed. Because the prepared asparagus food is weakly acidic (pH value is about 4 ~ 5, belonging to low acid canned food), there will be varying degrees of corrosion on the inner wall of the can, A small amount of chlorine and sulfur will accelerate the corrosion, so the regulation and control of the juice composition of canned food plays an important role in slowing down the corrosion of the inner wall of canned materials

2.3 control of can tightness

canned products require a certain degree of vacuum inside. The higher the vacuum inside the can, the less active oxygen components in the top gap memory experimental machine want to obtain accurate data, and the less the corrosion of food inside the can to the tank wall. Asparagus is normally sealed at 120 ℃, and sufficient vacuum can be obtained after cooling. According to the test and analysis results, iron oxide, tin oxide and other oxides were produced in the canned materials submitted for inspection, indicating that the sealing or vacuum degree of the can still needs to be further improved. Appropriately increasing the sealing or vacuum degree of the can and strictly operating in accordance with the processing specifications of canned food are important factors to prevent the corrosion of


3 conclusion

it can be considered that the corrosion of the inner wall of can containers is mainly caused by oxidation and the quality problems of tinplate materials. The main reason for the corrosion failure of the inner wall of can containers is not only the quality of tinplate coating, but also the existence of too much oxygen and a small amount of sulfur and chlorine in can containers. Therefore, we should further improve the quality control of the canning process and the quality control of tinplate materials in order to improve the service life of canning materials

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