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The "the Belt and Road" promotes the equipment manufacturing industry to "go global"

the "the Belt and Road" promotes the equipment manufacturing industry to "go global"

information on the rise stop of the 5th yunshang station of China's construction machinery in Suning

in March 2015, the national development and Reform Commission and other departments jointly issued the "vision and action to promote the joint construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st century Maritime Silk Road", and then in May 2015, The State Council issued the guiding opinions on promoting international production capacity and equipment manufacturing cooperation, and the "going out" of China's equipment manufacturing industry was officially put on the important agenda

the development of China's equipment manufacturing industry urgently needs to "go global"

(I) China's equipment manufacturing industry has the strength and conditions to "go global"

in 2014, the output value of China's equipment manufacturing industry has exceeded 20 trillion yuan, accounting for more than 1/3 of the global equipment manufacturing industry, and firmly ranks first in the world. The number of Enterprises above the scale of China's equipment manufacturing industry has reached 82000. The total assets of the equipment manufacturing industry have reached about 18 trillion yuan, the main business income has reached 22.2 trillion yuan, and the total export volume has reached 2.1 trillion yuan, of which the export volume of railway locomotives is about 4billion dollars, accounting for 10% of the global market share. At present, high-speed rail, nuclear power and other fields in China's equipment manufacturing industry have been recognized by the international market and have a very high reputation. China's equipment manufacturing industry has obvious competitive advantages in many aspects, such as quality, price, general contracting duration, and later maintenance services, with high cost performance

(II) China's equipment manufacturing industry urgently needs to rely on "going out" to resolve overcapacity

for a period of time, overcapacity in industrial fields, including equipment manufacturing, has become the biggest problem perplexing China's economic operation. For a long time to come, China will face great pressure to digest excess capacity. At present, with the overall development of China's industrial economy entering the new normal, the economic growth has slowed down significantly, and the international economic growth is relatively weak from the perspective of the whole life cycle of enterprises. Under this background, China's traditional export destination countries are relatively single, and the markets of these countries are close to saturation, and their demand is difficult to grow significantly in the short term. The proposal of the "the Belt and Road" strategy provides a new way to digest domestic overcapacity, will significantly accelerate the "going out" pace of China's overcapacity, and will effectively promote the transformation and upgrading of China's industries, including equipment manufacturing industry

(III) force equipment manufacturing enterprises to improve their competitiveness through "going out"

China's manufacturing industry has always had the problems of "big but not strong" and "big but not excellent". By encouraging and supporting equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go out", more national enterprises will be allowed to enter the international market and compete with those multinational companies with strong strength and advanced technology, The brutal market competition will force China's equipment enterprises to strive to improve production technology, product quality and service level, encourage national enterprises to improve their own quality and build their core competitiveness. At present, vigorously supporting China's equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go global" and strengthening international production capacity cooperation will help overcome the negative impact of the current economic downturn. At the same time, it will also promote Chinese manufacturing from the middle and low end of the industrial chain to the high end, and help China become a world manufacturing power as soon as possible

(IV) relying on "going out" to reverse the bad reputation of Chinese manufactured goods

for quite a long time since the reform and opening up, restricted by the development conditions, China's manufacturing industry has widely adopted the manufacturing mode of OEM production, and many domestic national enterprises have long lacked independent brands. For a long time, cost advantage has become the main competitive advantage of domestic manufacturing enterprises. Therefore, most domestic enterprises are engaged in the production and manufacturing of labor-intensive, low value-added and low technology products. As a result, the labor-intensive and capital intensive products with low value-added account for the largest proportion of China's exports, which has formed a bad reputation of inferior quality and low price of goods made in China in the international market. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop some "star products" to change the negative perception of made in China in the international market. The "going out" of high-end equipment industries such as high-speed rail, nuclear power and construction machinery will shoulder this important mission

"the the Belt and Road" brings major opportunities for China's equipment manufacturing industry to "go global".

(I) opportunities brought by infrastructure construction

(II) opportunities brought by deepening industrial investment cooperation

in the future, strengthening industrial investment and cooperation among countries along the "the Belt and Road", especially deepening investment and cooperation in equipment manufacturing, is the need of countries to promote the industrialization process, an important path to promote the in-depth integration of the social economy of countries along the the Belt and Road, and a key area of the strategic construction of the "belt and road". In the future, China's equipment manufacturing industry will comply with the trend of industrial transformation and upgrading in many countries along the "the Belt and Road", and actively encourage and support China's equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go global" to invest and start businesses in these countries. Domestic qualified equipment enterprises can adopt cooperative investment to build relevant industrial parks, or establish R & D centers in countries or regions with high scientific and technological level, make full use of the science and technology and human resources of the host country, promote local industrial upgrading and increase employment, and enhance the comprehensive strength of China's equipment manufacturing related enterprises. Through industrial investment cooperation with countries along the "the Belt and Road", we will complete industrial transfer and strengthen production capacity cooperation with relevant countries

(III) opportunities brought by technology export

countermeasures and suggestions

(I) establish and improve bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms at different levels

at present, the relevant competent government departments should actively plan, actively strengthen communication and contacts with countries along the "the Belt and Road", establish multi-level bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms with the above-mentioned countries, and through the establishment of intergovernmental cooperation mechanisms of countries along the "the Belt and Road", Provide relevant services and support for the "going out" of China's equipment manufacturing industry. In particular, we should actively promote and prepare for the establishment of bilateral or multilateral industrial investment cooperation funds to provide financial support for industrial development and investment between countries. China can also provide financing support for relevant equipment enterprises to "go global" by issuing special bonds in a targeted manner. At the same time, the government should try its best to create favorable conditions for Chinese equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go global" and invest abroad through public diplomacy

(II) comprehensively increase the support for equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go global"

at present, the competent government departments should continue to increase the support for China's equipment manufacturing enterprises to "go global" from many aspects. First, strive to provide accurate and rich overseas non-commercial risk early warning information for "going global" equipment enterprises, especially for some countries with unstable political situation or frequent epidemic in Africa and the Middle East, so that domestic "going global" equipment enterprises can better control investment risks. Second, the government should come forward to strive for more overseas preferential policies for China's "going global" enterprises, such as tax exemption policies for related products. Third, we should further streamline administration and delegate power, streamline the cumbersome procedures involved in the "going out" process of China's equipment manufacturing enterprises, such as project approval and employee passport handling, and change the current multi head management phenomenon in some business management, so as to improve work efficiency

(III) give full play to the supporting and leading role of various intermediary institutions

in the process of "going global" of China's equipment manufacturing industry, we should give full play to the supporting and leading role of various intermediary institutions. In view of the lack of international service system faced by China's equipment enterprises in "going global", the relevant government departments can take the lead, with the active participation of various chambers of Commerce and foreign economic and trade institutions, and organize the establishment of a number of specialized foreign-related intermediary organizations to provide strategic planning, law, information, consulting, intellectual property rights, certification and other services for China's equipment enterprises in "going global". All kinds of industry associations should be encouraged to play their role to the greatest extent in the "going out" of equipment enterprises, encourage industry associations to learn more about some foreign market needs, the host country's domestic industry development policies, the situation of major competitors and other information, and support intermediary institutions to set up offices in more key regions. At the same time, all intermediary organizations should take the initiative to strengthen industry self-discipline and maintain the market competition order of "going out" of China's equipment enterprises

(IV) urge equipment manufacturing enterprises to fulfill the relevant social obligations

China's "going global" equipment manufacturing enterprises should improve their awareness of environmental protection and fulfill the social obligations of environmental protection. In the process of "going out (5) checking whether there is oil leakage at each oil pipe joint (6) if there is oil leakage", enterprises should fully consider the environmental impact assessment price, ecological compensation (ecological service fee) and other factors, advocate enterprises to establish the concept of environmental protection, respect the religious beliefs and customs of the host country, protect the legitimate rights and interests of workers, and achieve a "win-win" between their own profits and environmental protection. Investment and cooperation projects must obtain the environmental protection permission of the local government in accordance with the law, and fulfill environmental protection legal obligations such as environmental impact assessment, up to standard discharge, environmental emergency management, etc. Encourage relevant equipment enterprises to integrate with the world, study and learn from the environmental protection principles, standards and practices adopted by international organizations and multilateral financial institutions, so as to improve their own competitiveness and reduce their environmental and legal risks

(V) focus on strengthening the talent guarantee for the "going out" of equipment manufacturing industry

in view of the current lack of transnational leading talents in China's manufacturing industry,

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI